Algeria

Algeria

Algeria

Capital
Algiers
Area
2,381,741 km2
Population
40,400,000
GDP Total
$173.947 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $4,187

Health Care

Budget
MOH health care budget in 2016: $ 4,85 bn.

Health Care Providers

1- Government Sector

Government health care system consists of 185 hospitals and 13 university hospitals, not to mention polyclinics and health care centers. The country has about 48480 doctors, 76780 nurses and 68680 hospital beds.

2- Private Sector

There are approximately 250 private hospitals and clinics.

3- Health Insurance

All employees in Algeria are eligible for social security. Private health insurance covers 80% of medical expenses incurred in public hospitals or health care centers.
Bahrain

Bahrain

Bahrain

Capital
Manama
Area
771 square kilometers
Population
1,3 Million
GDP Total
$34,310 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $25,494

Health Care:

Budget:

MOH health care budget in 2016: 280 mln BD.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:

There are 7 government hospitals in Bahrain with a total bed capacity of 2,107 beds.

2- Private Sector:

There are 18 private hospitals in Bahrain  with a total bed capacity of 457 beds.

3- Other Health Care providers:

Bahrain Defense Force (Royal Medical Services) Military Hospital.
Total HCPs: 3324 physicians and 6584 nurses with a total bed capacity of 2,564 beds in total in Bahrain.

Health Insurance:

Bahrain has one of the most advanced healthcare systems in the Gulf. The quality of health care in Bahrain is generally high and equal to that in western Europe and the USA, except for highly specialized treatment. Government-provided health care is free to Bahraini citizens and heavily subsidized for non-Bahrainis. Health Insurance is mandatory for expats who prefer to be treated in a private health care facility.
Djibouti

Djibouti

Djibouti

Capital
Djibouti City
Area
23,200 km2
Population
846,687
GDP Total
$2.088 billion
GDP per capita is $2,045

Health Care:

Health Care providers:

In 2010 there were an estimated 23 physicians and 80 nurses per 100,000 people. Since healthcare in the region is so poor, more than a third of the healthcare recipients are migrants. Healthcare is best in the capital; outside the capital it is limited by poor infrastructure, equipment shortages, and a lack of qualified personnel.

1- Government sector:

Djibouti's public health service is provided through 7 hospitals, 18 rural and 8 urban dispensaries with a total of 960 hospital beds.

2- Private Sector:

The private health care sector is relatively under-developed.

3- Other Health Care providers:

Health Insurance:

Health insurance is only open to workers in the private sector and contractual workers in the public sector. Civil servants do not have health insurance (they use the public hospital services).
Egypt

Egypt

Egypt

Capital
Cairo
Area
1,010,407.87 square kilometers
Population
93,687,000
GDP Total
$330.765 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $3,740

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget: $5,7 bn.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:


There are approximate 1000 facilities in Egypt, the number of Doctors/physicians 216,000 and the number of nurses 316,000, number of beds 137,000 beds.

2- Private Sector:

There are about 2000 private facilities.

Health Insurance:

Healthcare in Egypt consists of both a public and private sector. Public health coverage is offered through Ministry of Health, which operates a series of medical facilities providing free health services.

Medical care offered by the public health insurance system is generally of poor quality. Government hospitals are known to be rife with negligence and generally provide minimal care. Egypt is currently working on an overhaul of its public healthcare system to improve its quality.
Iran

Iran

Iran

Capital
Tehran
Area
1,648,195 square kilometers
Population
79,926,270
GDP Total
$ 438,3 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $5,383

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2017 $96 billion.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:

There are 488 hospital and clinics in Iran with 77300 bed capacity. Governmental hospitals are typically under the direct management of universities. In most large cities, well-to-do persons use private clinics and hospitals that charge high fees

2- Private Sector:

There are 120 private hospitals and clinics in Iran with a total bed capacity of 11,301, in addition to 35 specialized polyclinics.

3- Other Health Care providers:

Social Security Organization of Iran ( SSO).

Health Insurance:

More than 90% of the population in Iran has health insurance, and the government has made universal coverage by 2018 a priority. In general, health insurance covers 70% of the cost of drugs on the insurers' coverage list, and 90% of public hospital costs, with extra provision for those with rare diseases or in remote areas.

Since 2009, a new government plan called "the comprehensive insurance plan" provides basic coverage to all Iranians.
Iraq

Iraq

Iraq

Capital
Baghdad
Area
437,072 km2
Population
38,150,000
GDP Total
$612 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $16,551

Health Care:

Health Care:

Iraq is spending on healthcare accounts  about 6.84% of the country's GDP ( >42 B $). There are 260 hospitals in Iraq, most of which are Governmental hospitals.

Total HCPs:

There are 20,000 physicians and 60,000 nurses in Iraq.

Iraq has about 39,000 hospital beds, 70% of which are within the Governmental sector.
Jordan

Jordan

Jordan

Capital
Amman
Area
89,341 km2
Population
9,916,000
GDP Total
$86.193 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $11,124

Health Care:

Jordan prides itself on its health services, some of the best in the region
Spending on healthcare accounts for 7.5% of the country's GDP ( 6.5 B $).

1- Private sector: 

75  hospitals and specialized medical centers.

2- Public sector:

27 Hospitals and 1150 PHC.

Total HCPs:

20,000 physicians and 75,000 nurses in Jordan.

There are 13500 hospital beds in Jordan, 37% of which are within the public sector.
KSA

KSA

KSA

Capital
Riyadh
Area
2.15 million km²
Population
33 million
GDP Total
$1.803 trillion

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $ 22 billion.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:

2000 primary health care centers and 240 hospitals with 45,000 beds.

2- Private Sector:

120 hospitals /8,500 beds, 650 dispensaries, 640,000 clinics and 3,209 pharmacies.

3- Other Health Care providers:

Ministry of Defense and Aviation (MODA), the Ministry of Interior (MOI) and the Saudi Arabian National Guard (SANG).

Health Insurance:

In 2005, health insurance was made compulsory for all non-Saudi nationals working in the country.

In 2008, this act was extended to include Saudi nationals working for the private sector.
Kuwait

Kuwait

Kuwait

Capital
Kuwait City
Area
17818 square kilometers
Population
4 Million (> 60 % are expats)
GDP per capita estimated to be $18,500

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $102.9 bn.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:

There are 74 PHC throughout the state across 6 health regions, Secondary care is provided through six regional hospitals with 2700 bed capacity. In addition to this there are 9 specialist hospitals including maternity, infectious diseases, mental health and cancer hospitals bringing the total beds available to 4575.

2- Private Sector:

There are 7 private hospitals in Kuwait with a total bed capacity of 527, in addition to 35 specialized polyclinics.

3- Other Health Care providers:

MOD hospital and Oil companies’ hospitals include - Ahmadi Hospital - Texaco Hospital - Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC) hospital.

Health Insurance:

The quality of health care in Kuwait is generally high and equal to that in western Europe and the USA, except for highly specialized treatment. All Kuwaitis are entitled to free medical treatment at government facilities, while expats are expected to pay an annual fee to access public healthcare. Health Insurance is mandatory for expats who prefer to be treated in a private health care facility.
Lebanon

Lebanon

Lebanon

Capital
Beirut
Area
10,452 km2
Population
6,184,701
GDP Total
$53.915 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $11,615

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $ 2 bn.

Health Care providers:

The country has approximately 20000 of physicians and 19200 nurses and 20850 beds. Lebanon has a total of 130 hospitals spread throughout the country of which, 105 fall under the private sector and 20 under the public sector.

Health Insurance:

Lebanon's health care system is one of the best in the Middle East. Hospitals in Beirut and the surrounding areas are able to provide some of the highest levels of medical care in Lebanon, with private medical facilities comparable to standards in the US and Europe. Medical costs vary between hospitals and clinics, private facilities are generally very expensive. Due to this, expatriates living in Lebanon are strongly encouraged to obtain a Lebanon international medical insurance policy.
Libya

Libya

Libya

Capital
Tripoli
Area
1,759,541 km2
Population
6,541,948
GDP Total
$54.411 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $11,615

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $39.9 million.

Health Care providers:

Public health facilities have been dramatically impacted. 43 out of 98 hospitals assessed are either partially functional or not functional at all.

The country has approximately 12240 of physicians and 43,000 nurses and 24200 hospital beds.

Health Insurance:

It's important that expats have private health insurance while in Libya, but nonetheless, many times doctors will expect payment in cash immediately. Still, private healthcare provides superior service and shorter waiting times compared to the erratic public services.
Morocco

Morocco

Morocco

Capital
Rabat
Area
710,850 km2
Population
33,848,242
GDP Total
$103.08 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $3,077

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $ 3,4 bn.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:

There are five University Hospital Centers and six military hospitals that are located in the large cities such as Casablanca, Rabat, Fes, and Marrakech. In addition, there are 137 hospitals in the public sector and about 2400 basic health centers.

2- Private Sector:

The private sector healthcare market is growing rapidly as there are 360 private clinics, and 9,661 physician specialists in Morocco.

Health Insurance:

Morocco does not have a universal or compulsory health insurance system. Only about 16 percent of the population has medical coverage. Health Insurance is mandatory for expats who prefer to be treated in a private health care facility.
Oman

Oman

Oman

Capital
Muscat
Area
309,500 square kilometers
Population
4,784,417
GDP Total
$71.325 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $17,485

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $ 3,4 bn.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:

The country’s governmental healthcare infrastructure now boasts around 69 hospitals with almost 6,400 beds in addition to more than 242 health centers.

2- Private Sector:

There are approximately 13 private hospitals and health centers with a total of 448 beds and 1,000 private clinics throughout the Sultanate.

3- Other Health Care providers:

There are three Royal Armed Forces hospitals with 323 beds, 74 beds in the Royal Oman Police hospital, and 675 beds in the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital.

Health Insurance:

The hospitals in Oman generally provide a high quality of health care. Most of the largest and most advanced hospitals and health centers are located in Muscat, such as the Royal Hospital of Oman and the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital. All Omani citizens are entitled to free medical treatment at government facilities, while expats are expected to pay in order to access public healthcare. Health Insurance is mandatory for expats who prefer to be treated in a private health care facility.
Qatar

Qatar

Qatar

Capital
Doha
Area
11,581 square kilometers
Population
2,675,522
GDP Total
$185.395 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $68,940

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $4,7 bn.

Health Care providers:

1- Government sector:
There are 24 government hospitals and clinics in Qatar with a c.

While the country has one of the lowest proportions of hospital beds in the region- about 6,688 beds, the availability of physicians is the highest in the GCC- about 7,384 physicians and 19,745 nurses.

2- Private Sector:

There are 6 private hospitals in Qatar.

Health Insurance:

Healthcare standards in Qatar are generally high. Qatari citizens are covered by a national health insurance scheme, while expatriates must either receive health insurance from their employers, or in the case of the self-employed, purchase insurance.
Somalia

Somalia

Somalia

Capital
Mogadishu
Area
637,657 km2
Population
14,317,996
GDP Total
$5.8 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $300–600

Health Care:

Much of the national budget was devoted to military expenditure, leaving few resources for healthcare, among other services.

Somalia's public healthcare system was largely destroyed during the ensuing civil war.

Healthcare in Somalia is largely in the private sector. It is regulated by the Ministry of Health of the Federal Government of Somalia. In March 2013, the central authorities launched the Health Sector Strategic Plans (HSSPs), a new national health system that aims to provide universal basic healthcare to all citizens.

Health Care providers: 

There are a total of 818 hospitals & Clinics in Somalia.
Sudan

Sudan

Sudan

Capital
Khartoum
Area
1,886,068 km2
Population
40,235,000
GDP Total
$115.874 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $2,841

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $ 4.48 million.

Health Care providers:

There are about 58 Public hospitals and 39 private hospitals in Sudan with a total number of 11,800 physicians, 19400 nurses.

Sudan has huge challenges in delivering health care to the population. The challenges include: crippled health infrastructures, nearly collapsed public health system, inadequate qualified health professionals and so on. The health system needs a major resuscitation, in addition to supporting and developing health training institutions. The others other components that need to be given urgent attention: peace and security, basic nutritional needs, water and sanitation. These require high level government commitment and leadership.

Health Insurance:

The Sudanese government is working out the implementation details for a new law that requires that every Sudanese person have access to healthcare services without facing financial risk. The new law, requires that all private employers provide health coverage to their employees and all universities provide coverage to their students.

Today, more than 1.6 million poor families are covered by health insurance.
Syria

Syria

Syria

Capital
Damascus
Area
185,180 km2
Population
17,064,854
GDP Total
$59.957 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $2,802

Health Care:

Access to health care is severely restricted, hampered by security factors. Maternal and child health services at the primary health care (PHC) level are disrupted. The quality of health care has been further affected by the deterioration in the functionality of medical equipment due to the lack of spare parts and maintenance shortages of drugs and medical supplies due to sanctions.

It was found that about 43% of PHCs are partially functioning, and 2% of PHCs are nonfunctioning, 13% PHCs are inaccessible due distance of PHC from patients (50%, mostly in Idlib); lack of safety (34%, mostly in Homs and Hama); difficulties in public transportation (8%, mostly in Tartous) or temporary relocation of patients (2%) while only 50% of hospitals are fully functioning due to lack of staff, equipment and medicine.
Tunisia

Tunisia

Tunisia

Capital
Tunis
Area
163,610 km2
Population
10,982,754
GDP Total
$40.289 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $3,553

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2017: $ 1,2 bn.

Health Care providers:

In total, Tunisia hosts around 2,000 basic health care centers, 180 hospitals, as well as more than 1600 private health care institutions, about 14700 physicians,36000 nurses and 22000 hospital beds.

Health Insurance:

Health cover in Tunisia is managed by the “Caisse Nationale d’Assurance Maladie”. The welfare system in Tunisia is compulsory for the entire population, but expatriates are able to obtain global medical coverage through independent providers such as Expat Financial. The health system is reasonably efficient and effective despite limited resources. The private sector health system is more available in the major cities such as Tunis.
Turkey

Turkey

Turkey

Capital
Ankara
Area
783,356 km2
Population
79,814,871
GDP Total
$861 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $11,014

Health Care:

Budget:
MOH health care budget in 2016: $ 5,8 bn.

Health Care providers:

The country has approximately 27,960 medical institutions, 135000 doctors and 211815 hospital beds of which  1500 public hospitals and 560 private hospitals, providing over 30000 bed capacity, 22000 doctors and 200000 medical stuff.

Health Insurance:

Turkey has universal health care under its Universal Health Insurance (Genel Sağlık Sigortası) system. Under this system, all residents registered with the Social Security Institution (SGK) can receive medical treatment free of charge in hospitals.

Turkish Health insurance and Healthcare are not as highly developed in comparison to many other Western countries, however the medical staff in the country are extremely well trained, especially doctors in the university hospitals.
UAE

UAE

UAE

Capital
AbuDhabi
Area
83,600 km2
Population
9.2 Million (90% are expats)
GDP Total
$370.30 Billion USD (2015)

Health Care:

There are currently 104 hospitals throughout the seven Emirates. These are regulated by the following organizers: MOH, The Dubai Health Authority (DHA), The Health Authority of Abu Dhabi (HAAD).

Health care services in UAE are distributed as follows:

- Abu Dhabi: 39 hospitals (14 government, 25 private; 26 are JCI accredited), with 4,226 beds, or 2.7 beds for every 1500 of the population, servicing approximately 2.5 million people.

- Dubai: 38 hospitals (6 government, 32 private; 20 are JCI accredited), with 3,857 beds, or 1 bed for every 532 of the population, servicing approximately 2.1 million people.

- Sharjah: 15 hospitals (5 government, 10 private; 1 is JCI accredited), with 898 beds, or 1 bed for every 1,670 of the population, servicing approximately 1.5 million people.

-  Ras Al Khaimah: 5 hospitals (4 government, 1 private; 1 is JCI accredited), with 562 beds, or 1 bed for every 533 of the population, servicing approximately 300 thousand people.

- Ajman: 3 hospitals (1 government, 2 private; 1 is JCI accredited), with 189 beds, or 1 bed for every 1,269 of the population, servicing approximately 240 thousand people.

-  Fujairah: 3 hospitals (2 government, 1 private), with 358 beds, or 1 bed for every 558 of the population, servicing approximately 200 thousand people.

- Umm Al Quwain: 1 government hospital, with 165 beds, or 1 bed for every 606 of the population, servicing approximately 100 thousand people.

Health Insurance:

The introduction of mandatory health insurance in Abu Dhabi for expatriates and their dependents was a major driver in reform of healthcare policy. Abu Dhabi nationals were brought under the scheme from 1 June 2008 and Dubai followed for its government employees. Eventually, under federal law, every emirati and expatriate in the country will be covered by compulsory health insurance under a unified mandatory scheme.

Daman (the U.A.E. National Health Insurance Company) is the first and largest specialized federal health insurance company to be formed in the United Arab Emirates.
Yemen

Yemen

Yemen

Capital
Sana’a
Area
503,891 km2
Population
25,408,000
GDP Total
$27.189 billion
GDP per capita estimated to be $907

Health Care:

Number of Government Hospitals: 105

Number of Health Clinics: 1,637

Number of Private Hospitals: 254

The  number of beds in hospitals reach to 9530 bed with an average one bed for 1916 member of the population.

The number of doctors in the Republic generally reach to 3491 doctor with an average of  one doctor for every 5231 person of the population. The number of nurses reach to 5437 nurse with an average of 1.60 nurse for every doctor.

Health Insurance:

Overall Yemen has a fairly poor healthcare system. Most expatriates in the Yemen region opt to be transferred to Oman or Saudi Arabia for medical treatment.

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